From New Scientist #1140, 1st February 1979 [link]
I am Sergeant Simple and I keep the notes and diaries,
Of my boss Professor Knowall, magic name;
I do all the donkey work and help in the inquiries,
So the Prof. can close his eyes and use his brain.
But it is not only crime which occupies his mind,
For we also follow soccer here and there,
And I will tell you now of a most important find
Which made a nonsense problem crystal clear.
This is soccer for a few,
By a method which is new,
Ten and five are points awarded for a win and for a draw,
And a point for every goal that has been scored.
If you ask what this is for
I reply that that’s the law
And more goals will be obtained as the reward.
Four teams all played each other, it does not matter when,
A and C got eight points each and B nineteen, and then
One more got fifty seven. And there’s a problem rich
For one teams points are incorrect. I must not tell you which.
But Professor Knowall knows and he says this:
“If I give the information that you can discover which,
Why then you will be able so to do”.
The Professor, as we know, is good at many things,
But he has not got the fantasy that gives a poet wings.
Two bits of information that will help you in your approach
And you can then the puzzle solve. For when
A match is played at least one goal is scored by both,
But they never scored together more than ten.
Which figure was wrong? And what information can you give about the score in each match?